Matters needing attention
The floating water trestle road is constructed by professional engineers according the principle of floating grassland of the wetland. The water trestle road are supported by floating buckets below, being capable of adjusting the height of trestles based on the water level. And the trestles are made of the finest Russian pine wood, which has anti-slip, waterproof and anti-insect effects.
When arriving on the water trestle road, you are actually reaching the heart of the wetland, because here you can enjoy the panoramic view of the wetland, and shoot the most beautiful photos. As a local saying goes, “one can enjoy beautiful views of four seasons in only one day in the wetland”, just after you finish a flowing eye feast in a lake, you may soon encounter a large meadow floating on the water where you can visit rare plant breeding areas, get in close contact with a variety of waterfowl and take photos with them.
Here is Here We Are, a star flower room photography point. On August 13, 2016, a variety show operated by Hunan Satellite TV came here to hold a flower foods feast. Now it has turned into a flower house in the wetland where various flowers grow and blossom. We have restored the shooting setting for visitors to take photos.
There are 159 kinds of vascular plants in this flower house including Brasenia schreberi under national first-class protection, and 5 species of plants national second-class protection, namely, iris, water lily, Trapa incisa, Spiranthes sinensis and Habenaria dentata.
1. Brasenia schreberi: it is a precious wild aquatic vegetable as well as a national first-class protected species. It grows in a warm, well-lit and clear slow-flowing lake, and the water depth is 50-100cm, and the suitable growth temperature is 20-30°C. Brasenia schreberi is rich in glial proteins, carbohydrates, fats, multivitamins and minerals. Its young leaves can be eaten, and taste fresh and delicious.
2. Iris: iris generally opens in spring, and blossoms most in mid-April. The blossom flowers appear like large pieces of purple clouds on the meadow, especially in the sunset, when the afterglow is shining on the purple wetlands, creating a magnificent view.
3. Trapa incisa: it is an annual aquatic plant with rhomboid leaves floating on the water surface. Its has an underground stem, white flowers and can be harvested in August. It has the functions of facilitating urine discharging, relieving thirst, clearing heat and removing hangover.
4, Balsam: its color is peach-pink, which is most dazzling color in the wetland in autumn. Since it can be made into nail polish, the locals also call it “nail flower”.
5, Water lily: it is also known as Ziwulian and cress flower, and its flowering period is around 7-10 months. As the national flower of ancient Egypt, water lily is regarded as the embodiment of holiness and beauty.
6, Habenaria dentata and Chinese spiranthes: according to preliminary statistics, there are thousands of main aquatic plants growing on the floating grassland, and some are rare species and native to this place. Two plants are listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. One is Habenaria dentata, a white, light red flower, which is about 35-87 cm high, and its flowering period lasts from August to November; its rhizome has the efficacy of facilitating urine discharge, removing swelling and strengthening loin and kidney. The other is Spiranthes sinensis, called chinese ladiestresses root by the locals. It is about 13-30 cm high, and has a long flowering period. The whole grass can be used as medicine, which has the efficacy of supplementing qi and promoting the production of body fluid, cooling blood and nourishing yin.
The animal is introduced
Tengchong Beihai Wetland abounds in rare aquatic plants as well as bird species. The wide and luxuriant floating grassland is a paradise for all kinds of waterfowl. According to survey results, 91 species of animals habitat in the wetland nature reserve, including Ciconia nigra, Syrmaticus humiae and Aquila chrysaetos, 3 species under national first-level protection, and 15 national first-level protected animals, which are centropus bengalensis, Sterna aurantia, Tylototriton shanjing, Tylototriton verrucosus, leaf bird, oriole, Egretta eulophotes, Microhierax caerulescens, Branta ruficollis, Anas platyrhynchos, swan, mandarin duck, Aquila heliaca, Bhutanitis mansfieldi, Loriculus vernalis.
1. Ciconia nigra: its trivial name is back stork or old stork. It is a large wader of about 1000mm in length, and the upper body is black, which appears purple-green metallic luster. Its throat to the upper chest is black, and the rest of the lower body is white. It has a vermilion, pointed, long and straight beak, and the naked part of eyes, feet and toes are also vermilion. It is under national first-level protection.
2. Black-necked long-tailed pheasant: it has many trivial name like ground chicken, pine chicken, dumb chicken. Its body size is similar to that of a large quail. The male bird’s head and occiput are olive brown, and its neck and upper chest are bright blue and black; its eyebrow is white, an the naked skin of its face is red; its upper back, belly and wing are chestnut red with black spots; its lower back and waist are blue black; its feather edge is white; and its tail feather is extremely long featuring several paralleling chestnut and back strips. The bird is occasionally found in the mixed broadleaf-conifer forest and scrub-grassland in the protected area. It is under national first-level protection.
3. Aquila chrysaetos: Commonly known as “old eagle”, it is a large raptor with a length of 800-1000 mm. Its head feather is golden and sharp, appearing lanceolate, hence obtaining the name “golden eagle”. The tail is long, round, grayish brown with horizontal black and white spots, and the spots look distinct especially when it is flying. It is under national first-level protection.
With so many national-level protected plants and animals living in the wetland, Tengchong Wetland was transformed into a national-level wetland reserve on December 10, 1994 for better protecting those treasure species.